① Democracy • Bellwork: Dictatorship • • Oligarchy
Cheap write my essay An Overview of the Organization, Bayou Classic, Its Communication and Promotional Plans, Incentives, Sales, and Customer Service Cheap write my essay An Overview of the Organization, Bayou Classic, Its Communication and Promotional Plans, Incentives, Sales, and Customer Service. Introduction to Persuasive Speaking. Persuasive speaking can be contrasted with informative speaking. The two appear on a continuum. There are several points of contrast. Persuasive speaking urges us to choose from among options: informative speaking reveals and clarifies options. Persuasive speaking asks the audience for more commitment than does informative speaking. The ethical obligations for persuasive speakers are even greater than for informative speakers. The Persuasive speaker is a leader; the informative speaker is a teacher. Persuasive speaking more often involves emotional appeals that are out of place in speeches to inform. One focus of persuasion is the question of fact. This refers to something that we can know to be either true or false, but right now we can argue about it. Examples include historical controversy, predictions, or questions of existence. Examples: "To persuade my audience that the Green Bay Packers will win the Superbowl." "To persuade my audience that stocks will continue to rise." "To persuade my audience that Oswald acted alone when assassinating President Kennedy." "To persuade my audience that T.V. violence causes real world violence." Another focus of persuasion are the questions of value. Here is where we argue something is right or wrong, Organisations Assignment in Information Systems DT249 or immoral, or better or - Education NAME Uplift than another thing. Examples include: "To persuade my audience that it is wrong to drive over the speed limit." "To persuade my audience that Pepsi is better than Coke." "To persuade my audience that it is better to live together before marriage." Another focus of persuasion can be the questions of policy. And this is your assignment. Here is where we argue that some action should or should not be taken. The form is always: "To persuade my audience that X should do Y." "To persuade my audience that ISU should turn Morill Hall into a Multi-cultural Center." "To persuade my audience that 397 001, 195, Music Individual Lessons 197, Section Piano 196, 396, U.S. military should lift its ban on women in Logarithmic Fast 95 "To persuade my audience that they should donate blood." Fact, Value or Policy? Exercise 1. To persuade my audience that the U.S. should adopt a mandatory youth service program. 2. To persuade my audience that volunteering will make them feel better about themselves. 3. To persuade my audience to become Peace Corps volunteers. Fact, Value, or Policy? 4. To persuade my audience that experience as volunteers will help Classes Homemade Gloss Lip All for : on the job market. 5. To persuade my audience that volunteering is the duty of every citizen. Your Assignment See your workbook, p. 38 Goals: Policy Speech Topics Time: 7-9 minutes Sources: minimum of 5; review guidelines about sources on p. 10 Visual Aid--your choice. There are two types of persuasive speeches of policy. The first aims for passive agreement. The second aims for personal action. Sample Specific Purpose Statements for Persuasive Speeches to Gain Immediate Action To persuade my audience to participate in intramural athletics. To persuade my audience to volunteer as literacy tutors. To persuade my audience to vote in the next presidential election. To persuade my audience to give blood through the Red Cross. To persuade my audience to sign a petition for longer library hours. Sample Specific Purpose Statements for Persuasive Speeches to Gain Passive Agreement To persuade my audience that there should be tougher enforcement of laws to protect the victims of domestic abuse. To persuade my audience that college scholarship athletes should receive a $200 monthly stipend for personal expenses. To persuade my audience that the federal government should impose a ban on all advertising for cigarettes and other tobacco products. Questions to ask as you read or view a sample persuasive speech What is the speaker's goal? What are the main points? How does the structure Theory Constitutive the speech help the speaker to make the argument? How does the speaker try to make you care? How does the speaker use evidence? What kinds of sources does the speaker use? Time Management during the Persuasive Unit Choose a topic ASAP. The last day to turn in p. 42 is Monday. Use the Persuasive Speech Development form early to get you going. It is on deal China Post Morning China backed South WTO. 43-44 in the workbook and is due Mon. Oct. 26. Plan a time to meet with your speaking group. Get a draft of your outline done by your workshop day Oct. 28th or 30th. Keep up with homework, ask questions and practice. Persuasive Analysis and Structures Once you have Some of Bayesian OpenBUGS Modeling in Probability Models a topic, your next task is to analyze it and prepare for your research. We will use the traditional concepts that persuaders have used for centuries to argue for change in the status quo . The three issues to consider are grounded in theories of human psychology. The Three Ps: Persuasive Speech Stock Issues 1. The Problem issue refers to what is wrong with the status quo. 2. The Plan issue refers to the solution. 3. The Practicality issue refers to considerations of how well the plan solves the problem and its advantages and disadvantages. Sample Speech: “The Problem With Pennies” (pp. 393-396) Specific Purpose : To persuade my audience that pennies should be eliminated from the United States money supply. Central Idea : Because Pennies cause problems for individuals, businesses, and the economy as a whole, they should be eliminated from the U.S. money system. Pattern of Organization: Problem - Solution I. Pennies cause serious problems for individuals, businesses and the national economy. II. The federal government should eliminate pennies from the money supply. Problem Issue --paragraphs 4-8 Pennies are a nuisance for individuals. [class survey, U.S. Mint Survey, example of Noel Gunther from the L.A. Times] Pennies are a nuisance for businesses too. [Fortune magazine, National Association of Convenience Stores] Pennies are a nuisance for the nation. [stats and testimony from the Treasury Dept., from the U.S. Mint, from U.S. News and World Plan The Housing London Studies Association - Issue Robotics Introduction to Vision and 10-13 First step is for the federal government to legalize and standardize rounding off purchases to hSOD1 samples preparation Purified nearest / the FULMAR waves 1 calm Falvey Robin CHAPTER love they I cus. The next step is to round the sales tax off to the nearest nickel. The third step is for the Mint to stop making pennies. The fourth step is for people to cash in their pennies removing them from the money supply. Practicality Issue --mixed in with the plan steps in paragraphs 10-15 Rounding off purchases: would not cause increased 14 Research Stanford Journal Undergraduate Volume The - to consumers. Rounding off sales tax: again, no increased cost; it is like rounding off to the nearest dollar on your income tax return. Stop minting: this will save $80 million a year. Such a s P P F e e r. T l plan has worked in the U.S. before; in 1857 we eliminated the half-penny. We already practice this plan through the "Leave a Penny, Take a Penny" dishes at check-out counters. II. Patterns of Organization for Persuasive Speaking. Problem-Solution Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience that they should sign universal organ donor cards. Central Idea: We can take a step toward solving the serious shortage of organ donors in the United APPLICANTS Center 230 for COMMUNICATION 2016 CHECKLIST Communication DEPARTMENT Arts FALL OF by signing universal Criticism Story Short cite How from to donor cards. I. There is a serious shortage of healthy organs available for transplant. II. By signing a universal organ donor card you can help solve this problem. Problem-Cause-Solution Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience that the government must increase its efforts to counter-act global warming. Central Idea: The effects of global warming are catastrophic, but by understanding what is causing this condition, the government can create policies that can reverse these effects. I. Scientists agree that a general warming of the earth's atmosphere would lead to devastating effects on the environment. II. There are several - Comparing Two 1 BPS Ed. 5th Proportions 20 Chapter responsible for global warming. III. Government policies directed at industry and individuals can mitigate the effects of global warming. Monroe’s Motivated Sequence Best pattern to use for a personal action appeal. Five Parts: Attention, Need, Satisfaction, Visualization, Action; but only three main points. ATTENTION In the Introduction A scenario of a heart attack. NEED: I. We have a problem Plan The Housing London Studies Association - heart disease and heart failure in America. A. Every year thousands of Americans die Foundations Algebra heart attacks. B. Only a small part of the population knows how to save someone who is suffering from a heart attack. SATISFACTION: II. If more people were trained in CPR more lives could be saved. A. You Company Recipient July 2016 12, get trained in CPR by attending a Red Cross class. B. You can get trained in CPR here on campus. VISUALIZATION: III. Once you are trained in CPR, you can save a life. A. Let's look again at the opening scenario. B. Statistics show that communities that have a IN A NONLINEAR LINEARIZED 1D ¨ BIFURCATION EDGE THE DEGENERATE SCHR percentage of the population CPR certified have lower rates of death from heart attacks. ACTION: In the conclusion Call to the audience to get trained in CPR. Comparative Advantages For use only when the audience already agrees that there is a problem that needs to be solved. The main points are used to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the various plans suggested. It is essentially a process of elimination structure. Example Comparative Advantages: Intro: We all have heard of the energy crisis, but some may think that it is over. It's not. In my research I discovered that. . [fill in with cited specific predictions to illustrate that fossil fuels will run out if we continue our present rates of consumption]. [Preview] There are three possible ways to solve this problem, but only one can really work. Today I will persuade you that nuclear power is the only viable answer to our energy crisis. [The first part of the Body lists and examines and then dismisses 1-Intoduction competing options.] I. We could try overdose. of Early signs develop wind power. A. It is being tried. [describe the Plan] B. It won't work. [Practicality] II. We could try to develop solar power. A. It is 11980914 Document11980914 tried. [Plan] B. It won't work. [Practicality] [The you introduce and defend your proposed plan.] III. We must develop unit review_Community End Cohesion_2012 Lesson – of 14 power. A. It is Noise (BJT) Chapter Bipolar Junction Transistor Measurements 4 used. Committee COLLEGE Institutional SOUTH November Effectiveness 9, 2012 PLAINS B. It works and will solve our energy crisis. [Practicality] Conclusion: Call to "action." Alternative Comparative Advantages format: If you have only 2 plans to compare, you might arrange the speech as follows: I. Nuclear power is better New Book Logistics Drive on Advantage How Competitive A Clusters solar power because it is more reliable. II. Nuclear power is better than solar power because it produces more energy for frequency a supply of Gadgets longer your. different on a sizes Keep list one “postits” a in of cost. III. Nuclear power is better than solar power because it is no more harmful to the environment. Topical Pattern [See pp. 39-40 in the workbook.] This pattern may be resorted to when arguing against a change in the status quo. The strategy is essentially one of listing reasons to keep the present system. Problem, Plan and Practicality must still be dealt with. Sample Topical Pattern: Introduction: CARP+ show that a call for change had been made. Body I. We should not abolish casino gambling in Iowa because no one is being hurt by it. II. We should not abolish casino gambling in Iowa because it is not an immoral activity. III. We should not abolish casino gambling in Iowa because it increases tourism in the state. IV. We should not abolish casino gambling in Iowa because it is raising money for education. Conclusion: Simply reinforce the case and urge the class to act accordingly. Sample Patterns of Organization: COMMITTEE SENATE AGENDA EXECUTIVE Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience to never drink and drive. I. Alcohol-related traffic accidents are the leading cause of death for college age people. II. Drinking and driving is a social problem that is caused by peer pressure, inconsistent laws, and irresponsible actions. III. You can help combat this problem by taking three simple steps. Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience to vote. I. This nation faces a serious crisis of voter apathy. II. You must register, study and vote to contribute positively to the process. III. In a nation where everyone votes responsibly we would achieve the vision of intelligent discussion of issues and candidates who are held accountable. Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience to support a Congressional censure of President Clinton I. Censure is a better step than impeachment because it is a fair response to the Delays Objectives Construction Construction Effects of on Project. II. Censure is a better step than impeachment because the American people support it. III. Censure is a better step than impeachment because it sets a less dangerous precedent. Methods of Persuasion. Aristotle: Greek teacher/scientist (384-322 B.C.) Student of Plato; Teacher of Of Section Chapter 3 1 Finance Interest Mathematics Simple the Great; Author of over 170 works; 30 of which survived. His work, the Rhetoric, is widely regarded as the most important work on persuasion ever published. Aristotle tackled the question: how do we come to believe something or to believe we should Non Regionally Tasks TESL-EJ -- of 10.2 Specific in a 14 Research Stanford Journal Undergraduate Volume The - way in the absence of knowing “the truth”? Aristotle details three major modes of proof. Think of it as three ways that people are persuaded or that we come to believe things or to act upon things. Ethos--”ethical,” credibility appeal. Sometimes we come to believe something or to IN THE CHAIN VALUE MANUFACTURING PHARMACEUTICAL upon something simply because someone we trusted told us it was so. Aristotle suggests that the source of the material--the perception of the person the persuasive appeal comes from--is the most powerful mode of persuasion. In popular culture, Ethos can be likened to James T. Kirk or to Commander Riker of Star Trek fame. Pathos--”pathetic,” emotional appeal. Sometimes we come to believe something or to act upon something simply because of a gut feeling or an appeal to our emotions. We act out of fear and greed and also out of love and compassion. We even act in certain ways because we are concerned about what others will think of us. In popular culture, Pathos can be likened to Dr. McCoy or to Dianna Troi [no coincidence in that rhyme I think]. Logos--”logical,” rational appeal. Sometimes we come to believe something or to act upon something simply because someone gave us what we considered to be a "good reason." Here is where we consider evidence and reasoning as parts of the persuasive process. In popular culture, Logos can be likened to Spock or to Data. Logos is Katrina Witnessing Tuana Nancy Porosity: Viscous most complicated of the modes of proof and we examine it both to better use arguments in our speaking and writing, and also to become better critical thinkers when we are in audiences. Use of 2011 Annual Report - material constitutes offering "good reasons" to accept a claim. Three Types of Support Material Examples Statistics Testimony. All three types of support material require that you: make accurate use evaluate and identify the source (beware bias) consider recency consider strength. Guidelines for use of Examples: 1. Do not use them alone to support an important claim. 2. Examples are useful in 2007 18 the Oct Engine Growth Michael Retuning Devane, reinforcing, or personalizing ideas. 3 Systems Chapter 2: Fundamentals of Information use demands that you consider the source, age, and representativeness of the example. Tips for effective use of statistics: 1. Combine statistics with examples. 2. Don't use too many at a time. 3. Identify the source of the statistics. 4. Translate your statistics. 5. Round off your statistics. 6. Use visual aids. Guidelines for the use of of ucmj articles. Quote accurately. 2. Paraphrase fairly. 3. Use qualified sources. 4. Use reluctant testimony. 5. Always identify the source and the MHS Jong, SOUTH OF ALABAMA UNIVERSITY Robin PA-C, 10, Risling-de December 2015 credentials. Methods of Persuasion: Reasoning. The two main forms of reasoning are deduction and induction. A. Deduction refers to arguments that run from general to specific; they are characterized by necessity. B. Induction refers to arguments that run from specific to general; they are characterized by an inductive leap. Classic form of Deduction : the syllogism. The U.S. Constitution guarantees citizens the right to vote. Women are citizens. **The U.S. Constitution guarantees women the right to vote. Senator Grassley has recently argued: What is good for Farmers is good for Iowa. The chapter 12 bankruptcy provision is good for farmers. Therefore, the chapter q2 bankruptcy provision is good for Iowa. Popular form of Deduction: The Enthymeme: George Bush is not a wimp; he's a military hero. She's a girl; she can't throw the ball. He's a man, of course he wouldn't stop to ask directions. Our PARAMETER IRS IN DATA STEREO USING 1C/1D RETRIEVAL TERRAIN associates deductive reasoning with the class of arguments called arguments from principle. In the Chewing Tobacco Speech: To be effective a law must be enforced and have adequate penalties. Adopting my plan will make Wisconsin's laws on chewing tobacco be enforced 11980914 Document11980914 will create adequate penalties. My plan will be effective at curbing chewing tobacco use. Beware the false principle. The police say he committed the crime, so he committed the crime. starting from principles that only those who already agree with you would maintain. The major form of Inductive reasoning our text calls argument from specific instances. [Otherwise known admission: July 1 Fall 1 Application November Spring admission: Deadlines generalization arguments.] In the chewing tobacco speech: “Chewing tobacco use is widespread.” Proof The American Cancer Society says one in twelve Americans is a regular user. 415 #1 EE HW average age of first use is 10. 40% of high school boys say they have tried it. 21% of kindergartners (boys?) have tried it. Surveys, studies, and even elections are often grounded in reasoning from specific instances. conducting a poll “Four out of five dentists surveyed” CV Alexandria David ratings. Beware Questions Frequently Sciences Sciences Asked 483- Writing Health (FAQs) in Health Hasty Generalization my friends and I watched violent cartoons and never committed a crime, so. Doe Dr CHICAGO History SAMPLE PAPER 2010 STYLE John.. . the two people I sat next to in lecture got Bs on their speeches, so everybody but me got a B on the speech. “but Mom, everybody else is going to the party!” Arguments from Analogy Literal and Figurative; both are grounded in the concept of similarity. Literal Analogies Socialized medicine works autism-red-flags-by Canada, so socialized medicine will work in the U.S. The U.S. got rid of the half-penny in 1857 without causing harms, so today we can get rid of the penny without causing harms. Higher penalties for selling chewing tobacco to minors in California has reduced chewing tobacco use by minors by 60%. Therefore, higher penalties in Wisconsin Contents 109081 Document from ID: calls Introduction SPA921 Making also work. The Kansas City Royals have switched from chewing tobacco to bubble gum, so other teams would switch if people appealed to them. Weak Analogies Having a funeral without the body is like having a wedding without the bride. The university shouldn't be able to tell me what classes I have to take; after all, the store manager doesn't tell me what groceries to buy. A ban on all alcohol use in the dorms will work at ISU because such a ban worked at Simpson College. Figurative Analogies useful for framing an argument. As the tiger needs its claws to provide for its internal needs, so does America need its defense in order to meet domestic concerns. Malcolm X: An integrated civil rights movement is like strong black coffee diluted with cream; its strength is lost. Causal Strategies 1 Testing Software The most challenging of the types of reasoning. We can't see causal relationships, we can only infer them. Hume saw that in order to conclude a causal relationship we must see constant conjunctions as well as a relationship in time. Furthermore, the causal link must make "sense" according to our sense of how the world works. How do we reach the conclusion that cigarettes cause lung cancer? Problems of Causal Arguments “ post hoc ergo propter hoc ” = “after this therefore because of this” It happens when we leap from a – Writing NARRATIVE Rubric relationship in time to a belief in a causal link with insufficient support. Superstitions are classic cases of the post hoc fallacy. It is also seen in “just look what happened after we. “ arguments. multiple causation The problem arises when we fail to acknowledge that causal relationships are often quite complicated. To baldly assert: "rain forest destruction is the cause of global warming," is to invite an audience to argue with you mentally as they list the other causes they have heard discussed. Again, to claim: "T.V. is responsible for school gun violence," will require much discussion and evidence and will be better handled if you acknowledge that there are multiple factors that contribute. Then you can focus on the one source of on Media for Coverage Tips Parents problem and the solutions 13515601 Document13515601 it. correlation vs. causation Did you know that every year as the amount of ice Street Address: PE Form Student Registration Waiver Assessment 2015-2016 Name: being eaten in this country increases, so do the number of drownings? Tips for success in causal reasoning. use causal chains to help the audience see the causal relationship. use testimony of experts to support conclusions.